Episode 25: Changes to the Big Book an Interview with Jerry F.

This November at WAAFT IAAC, Jerry F. from Gilbert, Arizona will give a presentation about ongoing changes that have been made to the Big Book, and how he was able to get the General Service Conference to take up the issue with AA World Services, ultimately resulting in a revision to the fourth edition. This is a story with a little bit of everything. It’s an AA history story, it’s a lesson in General Service, and it has all the mystery and intrigue of a detective story. When Jerry first told me about this, I knew it would make for a great podcast. He was kind enough to oblige and to give us all a preview of what he will be presenting in Austin this November.

The story began shortly after Jerry was getting sober and his sponsor had him read the Big Book, and as he read it he came upon this passage on page 114 in the third edition:

Since this book was first published, AA has released thousands of alcoholics from asylums and hospitals of every kind. The majority have never returned. The power of God goes deep!

This would seem to suggest that the Big Book wasn’t a static text, frozen forever in time, but it was a fluid document with updates made to subsequent printings and editions. In this instance the book has clearly been changed since the first printing, yet Jerry was always told by his sponsor and others that there were never any changes made to the first 164 pages, and the written statements from AA World Services would lead one to believe that no changes have been made.

Because this book has become the basic text for our Society and has helped such large numbers of alcoholic men and women to recovery, there exists a sentiment against any radical changes being made to it. Therefore, the first portion of this volume has been left untouched in the course of revisions made for both the second and third editions.

(Alcoholics Anonymous, Preface to the Third Edition, p. xi)

Why was AA World Services claiming that no changes had ever been made to the first 164 pages of the Big Book, when clearly changes had been made? Jerry needed to know so he started upon a project to identify the changes that were made to various printings and editions of the Big Book. He found a total of 401 changes to the first 164 pages.

Many of these changes were to style and punctuation in an effort to keep the book stylistically current. However, many other changes were very significant, which leads one to ask why were they made. For example, in every instance “ex-alcoholic” was changed to “ex-problem drinker. The third pertinent idea was changed, the 12th Step was changed, the Doctor’s Opinion was repeatedly changed, yet AA World Services maintained that no changes were made to our basic text.

Jerry wanted to know why AA World Services was making this claim when obviously it was false, so he sent them his research and asked for an explanation. He never received a response so he took the matter to his Area Assembly, and from there the Area Delegate took the matter to the General Service Conference in New York. As the other delegates became aware of the changes, and the deliberate deception perpetrated by AA World Services, they demanded that the lies in the preface to the fourth edition be corrected—and so it was.

Attached to this post is a copy of the document that Jerry prepared for his presentation in Austin.


About Jerry F.

Jerry is one of the founding members of We Agnostics in Tempe, AZ and was the instigator of the WAAFT-AZ Convention last November in Phoenix. He has served in many positions in his 27 years in AA and is currently treasurer of his traditional AA group, coffeemaker of his secular group, and is beginning a term as a board member of WAAFT-IAAC. He considers his greatest achievement as being responsible for a change to the Fourth Edition of the Big Book and his greatest asset as being relentlessly anal.

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chris w
chris w
6 months ago

Not mentioned is the fact that among those 401 differences between the 1st and 2nd edition, there is still no mention of a sponsor. If it was that important, why wasn’t that changed or added? It’s a great suggestion to get one, but it has never been part of our program as outlined in the Big Book

Dave Ray
Dave Ray
4 months ago
Reply to  chris w

I am not sure why the word sponsor is not used in the Big Book, but it is used in other literature. And there is an AA pamphlet solely based on sponsorship. Yjere is also a book called Ebby and Bill referred to Ebby as his sponsor until he died. In As Bill sees it he refers to the “12 stepper” quite often and it appears that this what was meant by sponsorship in the early days of AA. There were many meetings in the early days that you had to be sponsored into by an existing member (before the… Read more »

Gary N.
Gary N.
1 year ago

I was unaware of this article, written in July, 2016, until just two days ago. Looking at the comments below, I note the omnipresent (and extremely generously accurate) Arthur S. who pointed out how Jerry’s research had, by and large, already been accomplished beforehand. No one had yet mentioned, however, that anonpress.org provides a soft cover First Edition that does a wonderful job of listing BB changes side by side in hardcopy. I bought mine years ago for $5 and have found it an invaluable resource. However, I don’t believe anybody has yet mentioned that the word “trudge” appears on… Read more »

Chip Bowdren
Chip Bowdren
1 year ago

Always amazed at what drives people…  kind of sounds like the warring factions s between CNN and FOX…. or… The Jerry Springer Show.

I’m trying as hard as I can to find the importance got. Besides the fact of the claim of the conspiracy theory World service’s to deny any changes like that. But I also realize that the major point in the argument is to get you to come over to my side and believe what I believe. If that wasn’t the purpose there be no argument

Madeline R.
Madeline R.
4 years ago

I really appreciate the information I’ve been reading.  I would like to know more clearly about the changes in the 164 pages of the Big Book.  I’m 11 years sober and take women through the Big Book.  It concerns me that I just don’t know what’s going on with our Big Book.

Tommy H
Tommy H
4 years ago

From a friend on the history lovers’ site:

If one wishes to save on the cost of air fare and hotel room, you can enter “big book changes” in Google or Bing:
From: AAHistoryLovers@yahoogroups.com [mailto:AAHistoryLovers@yahoogroups.com]



Jerry F
Jerry F
4 years ago
Reply to  Tommy H

Thank you, Art. Still hard at work I see.

Those are all good sites and I know of five or six more. Isn’t it interesting that, while all list some BB changes, none contain all of them?

And I will belabor the point. It isn’t the changes but rather the outright denial that they exist.

Louis Sorrentino
1 year ago
Reply to  Jerry F

Imagine a non-American reading the BB for the 1st time.

How can we begin to have the words in There Is A Solution (“We are all average Americans”)  updated to be welcoming to all people ? (i.e., “We are all average people.)

Lou S.